Agatsu “Self victory.”
Aikido The word is made up from three different characters. Ai meaning harmony, Ki meaning spirit or universal energy and DO maning the way/path.
Aiki doka Aikido practoiner
Aiki kai Means aikido association an dcommonly refers to the organization of the Ueshiba family.
Ai uchi Means mutual kill, a term to describe the outcome of an encounter were both participants are killed.
Atemi Means striking the body. An atemi is a blow to the opponent used for unbalancing and distracting the opponent. The blow may be fierce or not depending on the situation at hand. O Sensei and Saito Sensei used to say that Aikido is 99% atemi underlining the importance of atemi in aikido practice. In Iwama there were also tools for atemi training such as the makiwara.
Barai Also harai. To parry or ward off.
Bokken Also refered to as bokuto. The bokken is a sword made out of wood, most commonly japanes white oak.
Budo Often translated as martial art or martial way/path.
Buki waza Weapons practice
Choku tsuki Direct straight tsuki
Chudan Means middle position.
Dai Great/big compare with O, as in O-Sensei.
Daito Ryu Aikijutsu A school headed by Sokaku Takeda which heavily influenced the development of aikido.
Dan Dan is a black belt rank.
Do The way/path
Do In Tradition of self massage often in connection with training
Dojo Means a place for practice, a place for the path.
Dojo Cho The head of a dojo
Domo Arigato Gozai Mashita A very polite way of saying Thank you. Used all through the aikido practice in class.
Doshu The Head of the path, The head of Aikikai
Eri Neck, lapel
Eri dori Grab the lapel by the neck.
Furi Kaburi To raise the sword above the head.
Futari dori Training with two attackers
Gaeshi Also Kaeshi, reversed/turning.
Ganseki Otoshi Throwing technique where nage lifts uke above the head and shoulders and drops uke like a rock straight down.
Gasshuku Training camp
Gedan Lower position
Gi keiko gi, do gi refers to the clothes worn in aikido practice. Most common in Iwama style dojos is the Karate gi.
Gokyo The fifth technique, pinning technique. Designed especially for knife taking situations.
Gomen nasai Exscuse me, I am sorry. FILM
Go tai hard body, refers to a rigorous way of training. Used in the purest form of basic form training. Compare ju tai and Ryu tai. The three forms are often used in conjunction as a progression in training, going from hard to completely flowing techniques in order to fully grasp the depth and width of techniques.
Gyaku yokomen Reversed cut to the side of the head.
Hamni Used in Ai hamni where uke and nage stands with the same foot forward and gyaki hamni where uke and nage stands with opposing feet, left/right foot forward.
It is a stance where the practioner forms a triangular stance with the feet and creates as a small target as possible. This is also described as Hito Emi. A stance that origintaes from sword paractice
Hamni Handachi waza A starting position where nage is sitting in seiza and uke is standing.
Happo giri Eight directional cut used primarily in bokken practice.
Hasso no kamae This stance refers to the japanese character for the number8.
Hayagaeshi Quick turn
Henka Waza Technical variations. Compare to Ki hon waza which means basic techniques. Henka waza refers to the existing variations of a basic technique for instance ikkyo.
Hiji dori Grab by the elbow
Hito Emi See Hamni
Ikkyo The first technique, pinning technique.
Irimi Means literary entering the body. Specifically used in Irimi nage.
Irimi nage Entering throw
Jinja The Aiki Shrine. Located in Iwama, Ibaraki prefecture, Japan.
Jiyu Waza Practice where ultimately there are no pre-deecided tachniques nor attacks.
Jo Staff made of wood, most commonly japanes white oak.
Jodan Upper position.
Jo Dori Jo taking techniques
Jo Kamae Starting position with jo held vertically.
Jo Nage Techniques throwing uke with the jo.
Juji garamae Cross twine throw
Ju tai Soft body, refers to a smooth way of training. Compare go tai and Ryu tai.
Kaeshi Waza Counter techniques, often considered to be secret techniques.
Kaiso The founder of Aikido, Morihei Ueshiba.
Kami A spirit, divinity.
Kata A predestined series of movements.
Kata dori Grab by the shoulder
Katate dori Grab by the wrist
Ken Kamae Starting position with bokken.
Ki Spirit, energy, universal life force.
Kiai A shout that focuses all energy in body and mind into one focused movement.
Kihon Basic form in practice.
Ki Musubi Tying ki together.
Kaiten nage Rotary throw
Kohai Junior student
Kokyu ho Breathing exercise/technique. Fundamental part of any technique in aikido. Manifested by the unification of breathing, mind, body into one.
Kokyu nage A vast variation of throws using kokyu power. Originally Irimi nage was counted as a kokuyu nage.
Kosa Cross over.
Kosa dori Kosa dori same grab as ai hanmi katate dori
Koshi nage Hip throw
Kote geashi Turning wrist throw
Kubi shime Choke
Kuden Oral tradition. Refers to orally conveyed nuggets of wisdom.
Kumi jo Jo partner practice
Kumi Tachi Bokken partner practice
Kuzushi It is a Japanese term for unbalancing uke in various aspects, as well physically as mentally.
Kyu White belt rank
Ma ai Harmonius distance. A distance between uke and nage where neither can reach the other.
Mai Front/forward. Mai Ukemi, forward roll.
Makiwara Makiwara is a padded striking post used as a training tool
Mudansha Students without black belt ranks
Muna dori Grab by the chest lapel
Mushin Means, no mind. A state of genitive awareness.
Nagare Flowing as in flowing techniques.
Nage Person executing the technique, compare shite/tori.
Nikkyo The second technique, pinning technique.
Omote Means the front, as in the front of uke. It is used as a description of how a technique is performed, omote waza. Compare, ura waza.
Onegai shimasu When initation practice, both practioners bow to each other and say Onegai shimasu. I welcome you to train with me (Please).
Osai Waza Pinning techniques
O-Sensei Means Great teacher. Morihei Ueshiba, founder of aikido.
Randori In randori usually there is only one uke but in jyu waza there are several ukes. Free attacks and defences.
Rokyo The sixth technique, pinning technique.
Ryu tai Flowing body, refers to a flowing way of training. Compare go tai and ju tai.
Ryo As in grabbing with two hands on two places. Compare Ryote dori.
Ryote dori Grab of both wrists
Sankyo The third technique, pinning technique.
Sannin dori Training with three attackers
Sensei Teacher, means literary person born prior you.
Seiza Sitting on one´s knees.
Sempai A student senior to oneself
Shihan Means, a teacher of teachers, master instructor.
Shi ho nage Four directional throw
Shikaki A dead angle position where uke have difficulty seeing nage.
Shikko Knee walking.
Shite Also called nage and/or tori
Shodan First degree black belt.
Shomen Front or top of the head. Refers also to the centerpiece of the dojo.
Shomen uchi Strike to the side of the head
Sode dori Grab of the sleeve
Sode guchi dori Grab of the cuff of the sleeve.
Soto Deshi A student living outside the dojo area.
Suburi Solitary basic form practice in bokken and jo.
Suwari waza Techniques where both uke and nage are sitting down in seiza.
Tachi waza Training while standing
Tachi dori Sword taking techniques
Tai jutsu Body techniques, unarmed techniques.
Tai no henko Basic training form where nage leanrs how to blend, control and enter close by uke. Tai no tankan is a term used for the same movement.
Tai Sabaki Body movement. Different exercises designed to enhanced the ability to move with stability.
Takemusu Aiki A concept where an aikidoka through mastery of the basic forms develop skills to infinitely generate techniques in the spur of the moment.
Taninsugake Training with multiple attackers.
Tanren uchi A training tools devised for forging a strong and stable hip movement along with the synchronized kokyu-practice.
Tanto A dagger.
Tanto Dori Knife taking techniques
Tegetana means hand sword. Refers to the edge of the hand.
Tenchi nage Heaven and earth throw
Tenkan Turning movement.
Tori Nage compare also shite.
Tsuki Thrust or astrike/punch.
Uchi Deshi A student living inside the dojo area.
Uke A person receiving the techniques.
Ukemi Means, receiving with the body. Mae ukemi forward falls, ushiro ukemi backward falls.
Ura Rear often in techniques on the outside of uke for instance, ikkyo ura waza,
Yokomen Side of the head.
Yokomen uchi Strike to the side of the head.
Yonkyo The forth technique, pinning technique.
Yudansha Person holding a black belt rank.
Zanshin A prolonged focus. Maintaining the focus even after the completion of a technique.